TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION
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TRANSCRIPTION Transcription means that the genetic informations stored in double-stranded DNA are copied or printed in the form of a single-stranded RNA molecule like mRNA, tRNA, rRNA . The first stage of the flow of information from DNA to polypeptide is the transcription of DNA nucleotide sequence to a RNA nucleotide sequence. One of the latest developments related to transcription is marked by that Stanford University Biologist Roger Kornberg won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2006 as a result of his work on eukaryotic transcription.