Effect of valproate on the plasma concentrations of aripiprazole in bipolar patients.
Hizli Sayar, Gokben
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Objective: There is very limited documentation available on the effects of valproate co-medication on the pharmacokinetics of aripiprazole in a naturalistic setting. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of co-medication with valproate on serum concentrations of aripiprazole in bipolar disorder patients in a clinical setting. Method: Plasma samples of bipolar disorder patients (n=69) on a stable dose of aripiprazole 20 mg/d were analyzed by a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method in a routine therapeutic drug monitoring setting. Therapeutic drug monitoring was done for the entire study group before and after valproate co-administration.Results: We observed a statistically significant difference between the aripiprazole monotherapy and aripiprazole-valproate combination with respect to total aripiprazole plasma levels (p < 0.01). However, no statistically significant differences were noted in aripiprazole levels between the first week and the second week of valproate co-administration.Conclusion: In conclusion, concurrent treatment with valproate resulted in changes in the total aripiprazole plasma levels by 23%. But a lower total aripiprazole concentration during co-medication with valproate,caused by protein binding displacement reported being clinically insignificant in previous studies. The results from these studies are important in order to clarify clinical safety and efficacy.